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Recombinant Human PD-L1 Fc



Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), or B7-H1, is a transmembrane, co-stimulatory ligand of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) that, along with B7-1 and B7-2, belongs to the B7 family and immunoglobulin superfamily. Though more notably expressed on activated T cells, B cells, myeloid cells, and a subset of thymocytes, PD-L1 is also expressed constitutively by nonlymphoid, parenchymal organs, including the heart, placenta, skeletal muscle, and lung; with the marked exception of the small intestine. As a member of the B7 family, PD-L1 plays a principal role in immunity: suppressing immune response against autoantigens and tumors, maintaining T cell homeostasis, maintaining peripheral immune tolerance, and regulating T-cell-mediated cytokine secretion. Unlike B7-1 and B7-2, PD-L1 has not been shown to influence immunity through interaction with CD28, CTLA-4 or ICOS, but rather through interaction with PD-1, a weak structural homolog of CTLA-4 that belongs to the same superfamily. Involvement of PD-1 suggests an inhibitory function during T cell activation; however, evidence has demonstrated PD-L1's conflicting responsibility for both the stimulation and inhibition of T-cell-mediated cytokine synthesis. While T cell co-stimulation with PD-L1 induces proliferation and the secretion of IL-10 and IFN-gamma, muscle cell expression of PD-L1 has been shown to inhibit function of CD4 and CD8 T cells by down-regulating cytokine secretion and the expression of T cell activation markers. Augmented expression of PD-L1 has been linked to the inhibition of antitumor immune response in cancer, and the up-regulation of IL-10 production in HIV-infection, resulting in increased susceptibility of antigen-specific T cells to apoptosis. PeproTech's CHO cell-derived Recombinant Human PD-L1 Fc is a glycosylated, disulfide-linked homodimer of 906 amino acid residues whose monomer consists of the 220-amino-acid length extracellular portion of PD-L1 fused to the 231-amino-acid length Fc portion of human IgG1 by two glycines. The calculated molecular weight of CHO cell-derived Recombinant Human PD-L1 Fc is 102.6 kDa, however, due to glycosylation, it migrates at an apparent molecular weight of approximately 160-170 kDa by SDS-PAGE analysis under non-reducing conditions.


  • Gene Id: 29126
  • Uniprot: Q9NZQ7
  • Activity: Determined by its ability to induce adhesion in T-cell enriched PBMC cultures. The ED50 for this effect is 1.2-2.0 ug/ml.
  • Category: RUO Cytokines
  • Subcategory: Other Proteins
  • Research Areas: AIDS/HIV, Cancer, Immune System, Inflammation, Proliferation, Allergy
  • Alternative Names: Programmed Death Ligand 1, Programmed cell death 1 Ligand 1 (PDCD1L1), PD-1, B7-H1 (B7 homolog 1), CD274, SLEB2, SLE1
  • Species of Origin: Human
  • Expression System Source: CHO cells